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Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Causes of Foot Swelling

Swelling in the feet, otherwise known as edema, has a range of mild to severe causes. Mild edema may result from standing or sitting for long periods, especially in hot weather. This causes fluid to pool in the lower extremities. Swelling can also be a side effect of certain medications, hormonal changes, or dietary factors like excessive salt intake. In more severe cases, edema may be a sign of underlying medical conditions, such as heart failure, kidney disease, or venous insufficiency. In these cases, the body’s fluid balance is off, leading to fluid retention and swelling in the feet and ankles. Certain injuries, infections, or blood clots in the legs can also cause localized edema. Podiatrists, or foot doctors, can diagnose the underlying cause of foot swelling. They may recommend lifestyle modifications, compression therapy, medication management, or other treatments to address the cause. If you have swelling in the feet or ankles, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist to find relief.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Michigan Foot & Ankle Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Livonia, and Southfield, MI . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

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Livonia
South Tower Professional Building
(734) 591-6612
(734) 591-6625 Fax

14555 Levan Road
Suite E-302
Livonia, MI 48154
Southfield
(248) 353-9300
(248) 353-9303 Fax

29201 Telegraph Road
Suite 100
Southfield, MI 48034

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